Effects of Cigarette Smoking on Lipid Peroxidation and Antioxidant Status in Cancer Patients from Western Nepal

Nagamma, T (2011) Effects of Cigarette Smoking on Lipid Peroxidation and Antioxidant Status in Cancer Patients from Western Nepal. Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention, 12 (1). pp. 313-316.

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Abstract

Objectives: There is growing evidence that oxidative stress (OS) has a causal relationship with cancer and a weak antioxidant defense can aggravate it further. We therefore, undertook this study to examine lipid peroxidation (TBARS), total antioxidant activity (TAA), ascorbic acid (vitamin C) and α- tocopherol levels in cancer patients, with special attention to the influence of smoking. Methods: The study subjects were 42 patients (61.19±10.1yrs) suffering from cancer and 43 normal subjects (NS) (56.69±19.1yrs). Plasma levels of TBARS, TAA, vitamin C and α- tocopherol were estimated. Results: TAA and α-tocopherol levels were significantly lower and TBARS levels significantly higher in cancer patients when compared to NS. In smoking cancer patient’s α-tocopherol levels were significantly low and TBARS significantly raised. Conclusion: Our observations indicate that increased lipid peroxidation, reduced total antioxidant activity and α-tocopherol levels are associated with cancer development, with and without smoking. However, a greater reduction of TAA in smokers may be due to increased oxidants introduced by smoking.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Smoking - oxidative stress - antioxidants - cancer - Western Nepal
Subjects: Medicine > MMMC Manipal > Biochemistry
Depositing User: KMC Manipal
Date Deposited: 03 Sep 2012 04:35
Last Modified: 03 Sep 2012 04:35
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/77099

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