Elucidation of Structure-activity Relationship of 2-Quinolone Derivatives and Exploration of Their Antitumor Potential Through Bax-induced Apoptotic Pathway

Kumar, Nitesh and Raj, Vasanth P and Jayshree, BS and Kar, Sidhartha S and Anandam, Arvind and Thomas, Seeja and Jain, Prateek and Rao, CM (2012) Elucidation of Structure-activity Relationship of 2-Quinolone Derivatives and Exploration of Their Antitumor Potential Through Bax-induced Apoptotic Pathway. Chemical Biology & Drug Design, 80 (2). pp. 291-299.

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Abstract

3-Aryl-2-quinolone derivates were extensively investigated for their inhibition of farnesyl transferase. Taking this as a cue, we studied the other possible mechanism of antitumor activity of 2- quinolone derivates. A series of new 2-quinolone derivatives have been synthesized and screened for their cytotoxicity by trypan blue assay on Ehrlich ascites carcinoma cells and MTT assay on MCF-7 cells. Compound 1a (nJST) was found to be more effective in both studies with the lowest CTC50 value among all nine synthesized compounds. This compound was further screened on four different cell lines, viz. human breast adenocarcinoma (MCF-7, MDA-MB-231), colon cancer (HCT-15), murine melanoma (B16F10) cell lines for 24 and 48 h. The CTC50 value of the compound was found to be <10 lM. Compound 1a induced DNA damage which was revealed by DNA fragmentation studies and further confirmed by nuclear staining. The compound also showed significant elevation in Bax and reduction Bcl-2 gene expression levels. Acute toxicity study in mice indicated that the compound is safe till 2000 mg⁄ kg. Two different doses 50 and 100 mg⁄kg were selected and studied in Ehrlich ascites carcinoma model of cancer and have shown significant improvement in survival time and hematological parameters.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 2-quinolone; cytotoxicity; DNA fragmentation; Ehrlich ascites carcinoma; MTT assay.
Subjects: Pharmacy > MCOPS Manipal > Pharmaceutical Biotechnology
Pharmacy > MCOPS Manipal > Pharmaceutical Chemistry
Pharmacy > MCOPS Manipal > Pharmacology
Depositing User: KMC Manipal
Date Deposited: 11 Oct 2012 09:47
Last Modified: 11 Oct 2012 09:47
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/77418

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