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Effects of problem-based learning along with other active learning strategies on short-term learning outcomes of students in an Indian medical school

Abraham, Reem Rachel and Ramnarayan, K and George, Bincy M and Adiga, Indira and Kumari, Girija R and Suvarna, Niveditha and Devi, Vasudha and Lakshminarayana, Shobha Karabylu and Mamot, Madeeha B and Jamil, Wan Nasyitah BW and Haripin, Nai'mah BA (2012) Effects of problem-based learning along with other active learning strategies on short-term learning outcomes of students in an Indian medical school. International Journal of Health & Allied Sciences , 1 (2). pp. 98-103.

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Abstract

Background: Problem-based learning (PBL) is reported to improve general competencies such as problem solving. It also fosters the development of a scientific attitude in medical students. The present study explored perceptions of students at Melaka Manipal Medical College (MMMC), Manipal Campus, India regarding the extent to which PBL along with other active learning strategies has succeeded in improving a few short-term learning outcomes. We also determined graduation and attrition rates of seven and six batches of first- and second-year students, respectively, who were enrolled in MBBS program before and after the implementation of PBL. Materials and Methods: Students (n = 120) were requested to indicate their responses on a Likert scale in a questionnaire focusing on the 12 short-term learning outcomes. Additionally, a retrospective analysis of graduation and attrition rates of seven batches of first year and six batches of second-year students who were enrolled in MBBS program was done. Results and Conclusion: Out of the 12 learning outcomes, all were found to have a median score of 4, except time management, motivation for lifelong learning, and interest in pursuing medical profession. The graduation and attrition rates were found to be significantly high and low respectively for PBL students compared to non-PBL students in first year. In the second year too, PBL students outnumbered non-PBL students in terms of graduation rate. The attrition rate was found to be low for PBL students compared to non-PBL students. The present study revealed that PBL along with other active learning strategies such as self-directed learning (SDL) sessions employed in the curriculum right from first year culminated in improvement of almost all short-term outcomes.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Attrition rate; graduation rate; problem-based learning; short-term learning outcomes.
Subjects: Medicine > MMMC Manipal > Anatomy
Medicine > MMMC Manipal > Biochemistry
Medicine > MMMC Manipal > Microbiology
Medicine > MMMC Manipal > Pathology
Medicine > MMMC Manipal > Pharmacology
Medicine > MMMC Manipal > Physiology
Depositing User: KMC Manipal
Date Deposited: 16 Oct 2012 07:21
Last Modified: 03 Oct 2013 04:53
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/77455

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