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Perception and practice regarding infection control measures amongst health care workers in District government hospitals of Mangalore, India.

*, Yamini, and Jain , A and *, Mandelia C and *, Jayaram S (2012) Perception and practice regarding infection control measures amongst health care workers in District government hospitals of Mangalore, India. International Journal ofHealth and Allied Sciences, 1 (2). pp. 68-73.

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Abstract

Introduction: Healthcare workers must know thevarious measures for their own protection. They shouldimprove organization of work, implement standardprecautions and dispose biomedical waste properly toprevent occupational exposure. This study aimed atassessing the perception and practice of infection controlmeasures amongst the healthcare workers in Mangalore. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional studywas conducted by using a pretested semi-structuredproforma, by interview cum observational technique. Onehundred and twenty healthcare workers (70 hospital staffincluding nurses and technicians at the two GovernmentDistrict Hospitals and 50 final-year MBBS students) wereselected using convenient sampling and their perceptionand practice regarding infection control measures werestudied. Results: Of the 120 participants, the majority(85.8%) was aware of disposing used needles andsyringes in puncture-resistant containers but only 55.7%were actually practicing it. Three-fourths (75.8%) of theparticipants were aware about not recapping the needlesafter use but on observation, only 35.4% were practicingthis. All healthcare workers were aware about theindication for using masks and gloves while handlingpatients, while only 77.1% were using them. We alsofound that only 61.8% washed their hands after attendingevery patient, 94.3% cleaned the area with a sterile swabbefore giving injections and only 35.7% of the labs/ wards/operation theatres had three colored bags. Few (11.7%)of the workers have already been exposed to infectiousblood samples and some (19.2%) are still not immunizedagainst Hepatitis B. Conclusion: There is a need forimprovement in the perception and practice of infectioncontrol measures among healthcare workers for both selfand patient’s protection. They should also get themselvesimmunized against Hepatitis B and report accidentalexposure to infectious samples to the infection controlcommittee.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: health care workers infection control, prevention, hospital acquired infections.
Subjects: Medicine > KMC Mangalore > Community Medicine
Depositing User: KMCMLR User
Date Deposited: 19 Oct 2012 06:55
Last Modified: 19 Oct 2012 06:55
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/77472

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