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Prevalence of depression and its associated factors using Beck Depression Inventory among students of a medical college in Karnataka.

*, Kumar GS and Jain , A and Hegde , S (2012) Prevalence of depression and its associated factors using Beck Depression Inventory among students of a medical college in Karnataka. Indian Journal of Psychiatry, 54 (3). pp. 223-226.

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Abstract

Background and Objective: Depression among medical students is an area of increasing concern worldwide. Thisstudy aimed to assess the prevalence of depression and its associated factors among medical students. Materials and Methods: A stratified random sample of 400 students was assessed using Beck’s Depression Inventoryby investigators. Associations between depression and class of studying, social factors like alcohol use, drug addiction,family problems, family history of depression, and staying away from home were analyzed by univariate analysis. Results: The overall prevalence of depression was found to be 71.25%. Among those with depression, a majority(80%) had mild and moderate degree of depression. The study showed that 46.3% (132) of the depressed were females and 53.7% (153) were males. According to cut-off scores, 115 students (29.8%) scored as normal (0-9), 111 (27.8%)as mild (10-18), 117 (29.3%) as moderate (19-29), 30 (7.5%) as severe (30-40), and 27 (6.7%) as very severe (>40) depression. The prevalence of depression was comparatively less among 1st and 2nd year medical students (57% and50%, respectively) and the difference between the grade of depression and year of studying was found to be significant(χ2=122, P<0.001). The prevalence was significantly more among those with family problems and family history ofdepression. Conclusion: Depression is highly prevalent among medical students in this area. Our findings point to the importanceof broad screening and psychiatric counseling of this vulnerable population.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Beck Depression Inventory, depression, medical students
Subjects: Medicine > KMC Mangalore > Community Medicine
Depositing User: KMCMLR User
Date Deposited: 19 Oct 2012 06:55
Last Modified: 19 Oct 2012 06:55
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/77474

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