Prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome and comorbid conditions in inmates of old age homes

Rao, Sathyanarayana K.N. and *, Subbalakshmi N. K. (2012) Prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome and comorbid conditions in inmates of old age homes. Nitte University Journal of Health Science, 2 (4). pp. 22-27. ISSN 2249-7110

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Abstract

Introduction : It is imperative that efforts are to be made to recognize individuals with metabolic syndrome from different sets of population so that they may be identified for intensive risk factor management to reduce cardiovascular risk. We evaluated the incidence and associated factors of metabolic syndrome in inmates of old age homes. Methods : This study involved 189 subjects aged between 55-75 years of either sex housed in old age homes. In every subject waist circumference, blood pressure, fasting blood sugar and plasma lipids were measured. Ongoing treatments were taken into account. Patients with metabolic syndrome were identified using IDF-2005 definition. Data analysis was done by Chi -square test. p value less than 0.05 was taken as significant. Result : Metabolic syndrome was found in 57.67% of study subjects. Prevalence of metabolic syndrome was higher in 55 - 60 years age 2 2 group (x =17.06, p<0.01) and in females (x =4.33, p < 0.05). Disease load of dyslipidemia, diabetes mellitus and hypertension was higher 2 2 2 in metabolic syndrome group compared to non-metabolic syndrome group (x =11.40, p<0.001; x = 47.90, p<0.0001; x =4.72, p<0.05 respectively). In patients receiving treatment for diabetes and hypertension, frequency of subjects with hyperglycemia and high blood 2 pressure was higher in metabolic syndrome group compared to non-metabolic syndrome group (x =10.69, p<0.01; x2= 4.46, p<0.05 respectively). Conclusion : In this population it is found that, 55-60 years age group and females are at greater risk for metabolic syndrome. Subjects with metabolic syndrome are resistant to anti-diabetic and antihypertensive treatment.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: metabolic syndrome, hyperglycemia, high blood pressure, dyslipidemia
Subjects: Medicine > KMC Mangalore > Physiology
Depositing User: KMCMLR User
Date Deposited: 04 Dec 2012 10:13
Last Modified: 04 Dec 2012 10:13
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/77647

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