Evaluation of Amygdaloid Neuronal Dendritic Arborization Enhancing Effect of Centella Asiatica (Linn) Fresh Leaf Extract in Adult Rats

Rao, Mohandas KG (2012) Evaluation of Amygdaloid Neuronal Dendritic Arborization Enhancing Effect of Centella Asiatica (Linn) Fresh Leaf Extract in Adult Rats. Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine.

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Abstract

Objective: Centella asiatica (CeA), a creeper, growing in moist places in India and other Asian countries. Leaves of CeA are used for memory enhancement in Ayurvedic system of medicine, an alternative system of medicine originated from India. In the present study, we have investigated the role of CeA fresh leaf extract treatment on adult rats on dendritic morphology of amygdaloid neurons, one of the regions concerned with learning and memory. Methods: Adult rats (2.5-month old) were fed with 2, 4 and 6 mL/(day•kg) of fresh leaf extract of CeA for 2, 4 and 6 weeks. After the treatment period the rats were killed, brains were removed and amygdaloid neurons were impregnated with silver nitrate (Golgi staining). Such silver impregnated amygdaloid neurons were traced using camera lucida and dendritic branching points (a measure of dendritic arborization) and intersections (a measure of dendritic length) were quantified. These data were compared with those of age matched control rats. Results: The results showed a significant increase in the dendritic length (intersections) and dendritic branching points in amygdaloid neurons of the rats treated with higher dose [6 mL/(day•kg)] of CeA for longer period of time (i.e. 6 weeks). Conclusions: Constituents/active principles present CeA fresh leaf extract has neuronal dendritic growth stimulating property; hence it can be used for enhancing neuronal dendrites in stress and other neurodegenerative and memory disorders.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Centella asiatica; amygdaloid neurons; dendritic branches; dendritic intersections; adult rats.
Subjects: Medicine > MMMC Manipal > Anatomy
Depositing User: KMC Manipal
Date Deposited: 18 Dec 2012 04:27
Last Modified: 18 Dec 2012 04:27
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/77710

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