Numerical Analysis of a Centrifugal Fan for Improved Performance using Splitter Vanes

Sharma, Yagnesh N and Karanth, Vasudeva K (2009) Numerical Analysis of a Centrifugal Fan for Improved Performance using Splitter Vanes. World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology, 2009 (36). pp. 453-459. ISSN 2010-3778

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Abstract

The flow field in a centrifugal fan is highly complex with flow reversal taking place on the suction side of impeller and diffuser vanes. Generally performance of the centrifugal fan could be enhanced by judiciously introducing splitter vanes so as to improve the diffusion process. An extensive numerical whole field analysis on the effect of splitter vanes placed in discrete regions of suspected separation points is possible using CFD. This paper examines the effect of splitter vanes corresponding to various geometrical locations on the impeller and diffuser. The analysis shows that the splitter vanes located near the diffuser exit improves the static pressure recovery across the diffusing domain to a larger extent. Also it is found that splitter vanes located at the impeller trailing edge and diffuser leading edge at the mid-span of the circumferential distance between the blades show a marginal improvement in the static pressure recovery across the fan. However, splitters provided near to the suction side of the impeller trailing edge (25% of the circumferential gap between the impeller blades towards the suction side), adversely affect the static pressure recovery of the fan.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Splitter vanes, Flow separation, Sliding mesh, Unsteady analysis, Recirculation zone, Jets and wakes.
Subjects: Engineering > MIT Manipal > Mechanical and Manufacturing
Depositing User: MIT Library
Date Deposited: 02 Jan 2013 07:34
Last Modified: 02 Jan 2013 07:34
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/77803

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