Association of anthropometric measures and dental caries among a group of adolescent cadets of Udupi district, South India

Chakravarthy, Kalyana (2012) Association of anthropometric measures and dental caries among a group of adolescent cadets of Udupi district, South India. European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry, 13 (5). pp. 256-260.

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Abstract

Aim: To evaluate the relationship between anthropometric measures and dental caries among a group of adolescent cadets of Udupi district, India. METHODS: Demographic information such as age, sex and parental education were collected. Various anthropometric measures such as weight, body mass index (BMI), height, mid-upper arm circumference, waist circumference (WC) and hip circumference were recorded as per standard guidelines. Dental caries was recorded using mouth mirrors and CPI probes. RESULTS: A total of 211 cadets with age range of 12-19 years constituted the final sample. Caries experience was significantly different with respect to age and gender (p=0.049 and 0.05 respectively). Multivariate analysis was performed using Poisson regression with DMFT as dependent variable. Height, weight, BMI and WC showed significant association with dental caries status (OR = 10.61, 1.03, 1.09 and 1.02 respectively). Stratified analysis showed no association with anthropometric measures (height, weight, BMI and WC) and dental caries in 12-14 years. Among 15-19 years age group, there was a significant association between anthropometric measures (height, weight and BMI) and dental caries. CONCLUSIONS: There was a significant association between anthropometric measures and caries status in 15-19 years age group while no association was found in 12-14 years age group. Obesity and dental caries have common risk determinants and require a comprehensive multi-disciplinary approach by health care professionals

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Dentistry > MCODS Manipal > Preventive and Community Dentistry
Depositing User: KMC Manipal
Date Deposited: 03 Jan 2013 09:24
Last Modified: 26 Dec 2015 11:02
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/77828

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