An Investigation into Bilingual Cognitive Processing

Devadiga, Deepa N and Bhat, Jayashree S. (2011) An Investigation into Bilingual Cognitive Processing. International Conference on Languages, Literature and Linguistics, 26. pp. 6-9.

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Abstract

Bilingualism has been an area of extensive research for a long period of time. Measuring information process, the mental process of cognition, has relied heavily on time and accuracy measures. Differences in reaction time can yield interpretations about the speed or difficulty of mental process, leading to inferences about cognitive process and events. Method: Participants for the study were 20 bilingual young adults (10 males, M=19.3years, SD=1.2, range= 18-22; 10 females, M = 19.8 years, SD = 1.7, range= 18-22) and 20 bilingual old adults (10 males, M = 74.4 years, SD = 5.1, range = 69-80). The results of the present study revealed significant main effect of the groups (f= 166.66, p< 0.05) indicating that bilingual old adults were slower in processing both verbs and nouns in comparison to the bilingual young adults. In terms of gender, among both the groups, the female participants processed faster for both the categories compared to males. The study revealed significant difference statistically (F= 22.196, p< 0.05).No significant main effect for verb and noun categories (F=0.462, p>0.05) was observed although nouns were processed faster than verbs in young adults and verbs were processed faster than nouns in the older group. It was also observed that the group gender interaction (F=30.9, p<0.05) was statistically significant. But there was no significant differences group and category interaction and gender and category interaction.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Bilinguals, Cognition, Retrieval time
Subjects: Allied Health > Mangalore Campus > Speech and Hearing
Depositing User: KMCMLR User
Date Deposited: 07 Jan 2013 11:22
Last Modified: 07 Jan 2013 11:22
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/77897

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