Comparing Nutritional Adequacy of Mother and Child of the same household

Garg, Meenakshi and Jindhal, Shraddha (2012) Comparing Nutritional Adequacy of Mother and Child of the same household. In: Journal of Indian Dietetic Association: Special Edition: PS-205, November 2012, Hyderabad.

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Abstract

Background:Rapid economic development and increasing urbanization have led to a dramatic rise in overweight among adults in many low-income countries. Paradoxically, overweight often coexists with persisting under-nutrition among members of the same household. Objectives: Assessing prevalence of dual forms of malnutrition and reasons for intra-familial disparity in nutrient adequacy. The study was carried out in Manipal, Karnataka. Households having 1-3 year old children living with their mothers were selected. 46.7% of the study population belonged to the Upper Middle Class, 60% were nuclear families, majority of mothers were between 25-30 years (50%) and 36.7% were graduates. Prevalence of “overweight mother underweight child pairs” was found to be 23%. Significant difference was observed between intake adequacy of cereals, vegetables, invisible fat, visible fat and fiber. Also Mean adequacy ratio (MAR) of nutrients concluded that mothers (50%) had better nutritional adequacy when compared to children (43.3%) and significant association between MAR of mother and child was obtained (p=0.01). SES had an association with adequacy of vegetables (p=0.027) & energy intake (p=0.015) in children and milk (p=0.025) and calcium adequacy (p=0.012) in mothers. Cereal (p=0.011), sugar (p=0.041) and carbohydrate adequacy (p=0.026) of mother was affected by her employment status. Conclusion: Dual forms of malnutrition exist within the same household; food intake adequacy of the child is influenced by mother’s food intake and mothers had a better nutritional status when compared to the children. SES, type of family and employment status were the reasons for disparity between nutritional adequacy of the child and mother.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Nutrient Adequacy; overweight mother underweight child pairs; intra-familial disparity
Subjects: Hotel Management > WGSHA Manipal
Depositing User: WGSHA EPrints Administrator
Date Deposited: 18 Jan 2013 05:05
Last Modified: 18 Jan 2013 05:05
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/78008

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