Effectiveness of Plain Ice Cubes Versus Flavoured Ice Cubes in Preventing Oral Mucositis associated with Injection 5-Fluorouracil among Cancer Patients

Flavia, Castelino and Elsa, Sanatombi Devi and Jyothi, RK (2011) Effectiveness of Plain Ice Cubes Versus Flavoured Ice Cubes in Preventing Oral Mucositis associated with Injection 5-Fluorouracil among Cancer Patients. International Journal of Nursing Education, 3 (2). pp. 38-40. ISSN 0974-9349

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Abstract

Palliative care aims to enhance the quality of life of patients and their families who are facing a life-threatening illness. It focuses on increasing comfort through prevention and treatment of suffering. Injection 5-Fluorouracil (5-FU) is mostly administered to cancer patients suffering from colon cancer, cancer of the rectum and some other severe malignancies. Mucositis is one of the major side effects of injection 5-Fluorouracil, and it delays cancer treatment and alters daily living of the patient by then his family. The study focuses on prevention of mucositis among cancer patients receiving 5-fluorouracil using plain versus flavored ice cubes to care their pain and improve their quality of life with fewer complications. The purpose of this study was to assess the effectiveness of cryotherapy in preventing oral mucositis associated with 5-FU in cancer care. The objectives of the study were to assess the oral mucosa before and after the treatment, to identify the experiences of patients during the therapy while sucking the ice cubes and compare the effectiveness of plain ice cubes versus flavored ice cubes in preventing oral mucositis. An experimental approach with Cross- over Design was adopted to identify the difference in the effectiveness of the treatments in both the groups. The maximum (14) number (66.9%) of patients were in the age group of 34–65 years, thirteen (59.1%) were males, all 22 (100%) of them were suffering with cancer of the Gastro Intestinal tract. The majority 15 (68.2%) have received injection 5-FU with Leucovorin, Twenty (91%) were diagnosed to have cancer since 1–12 month duration, and Nineteen (86.4%) of them were operated once. The check list scores of the patients showed that there is a difference in the experiences of the patients while sucking plain ice cubes and flavored ice cubes. As a whole the results showed that the flavored ice cubes were effective in preventing mucositis and the patients were in favor of the flavored ice cubes.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Ice Cubes- plain and flavored, Cancer care, Injection 5 -Fluorouracil, Mucositis cross-over design, Cryotherapy, patient's experiences.
Subjects: Nursing > MCON Manipal > Medical Surgical
Depositing User: KMC Manipal
Date Deposited: 23 Jan 2013 06:41
Last Modified: 23 Jan 2013 06:41
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/78070

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