A study to evaluate the effectiveness of multicomponent intervention on lifestyle practices, body fat and self esteem of obese/overweight school children in selected English medium schools of Udupi district, Karnataka

Nayak, Baby S and Bhat, HV (2010) A study to evaluate the effectiveness of multicomponent intervention on lifestyle practices, body fat and self esteem of obese/overweight school children in selected English medium schools of Udupi district, Karnataka. International Journal of Nursing Education, 2 (2). pp. 9-12. ISSN 0974-9349

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Abstract

Background:Childhood obesity has emerged as a global epidemic in children. Effective interventions need to be developed to control the epidemic at its beginning. Objective:To evaluate the effectiveness of a school based multicomponent intervention on body fat, lifestyle practices and self esteem of obese/overweight children. Method:A case control study followed by randomized control trial was carried out. A survey of two English medium schools of Udupi district was conducted. A total of 269 children studying in 8th, 9th&10th standard aged between 10&16 were enrolled. Demographic data and anthropometric assessment was carried. A structured, pretested questionnaire on risk factors was administered to obese/overweight children and normal children and their mothers. Multicomponent intervention was administered for one month for the children enrolled for experimental group. Result:Out of 269, 13(4.8%) were overweight, 7 (2.6%) were obese. sedentary activity after school hours, television viewing for longer duration during week days and weekend days, reduced physical activity, skipping meals, influence of media in selecting food items, parents offering food as reward, frequent consumption of fried food and junk food, and drinking carbonated drinks frequently were the important influencing factors. There was a significant reduction in the BMI of intervention group at the end of 4th week which was statistically significant (P<0.05) Conclusion :Identifying the sedentary activity and unhealthy dietary habits among children should be done at the earliest. School based health promotion activities involving parents reduces the prevalence of obesity among children.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: childhood obesity, body mass index, multicomponent intervention, skin fold thickness, lifestyle practices, self esteem.
Subjects: Medicine > KMC Manipal > Community Medicine
Nursing > MCON Manipal > Child Health
Depositing User: KMC Manipal
Date Deposited: 25 Jan 2013 10:28
Last Modified: 25 Jan 2013 10:28
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/78093

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