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Bacteriological Screening of Water in Mangalore, India

*, Dhanya V. C. and *, Anitha J. and *, B. Dhanashree (2013) Bacteriological Screening of Water in Mangalore, India. British Microbiology Research Journal, 3 (1). pp. 84-95.

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Abstract

Introduction: Diarrhoea caused by contaminated water is among the most prevalent waterborne diseases in the developing countries like India. In the interest of public health, water supplies should be tested regularly to confirm their freedom from contamination. Objective: The objectives of the study were to screen different water sources for bacterial contamination, to know the antibiotic susceptibility of the common bacterial isolates and typing of the bacterial isolates by random amplification of polymorphic DNA (RAPD)technique. Place and Duration of the Study: Kasturba Medical College Hospital, Microbiology Laboratory, Mangalore, Karnataka, India between August 2007 and August 2009. Methodology: Water samples (n=324) were analyzed by standard microbiological techniques for bacterial contamination. Isolates were identified biochemically and antibiotic susceptibility testing was done by disc diffusion method. Escherichia coli isolates were typed by RAPD technique. Results: Among the water samples tested, 246 were excellent and 78 were contaminated. Contaminated samples showed the growth of commensal bacteria belonging to the family Enterobacteriaceae along with pathogens like Salmonella spp. and Vibrio spp. Many of the isolates were found to be sensitive and a few were found to be resistant to the antibiotics tested. RAPD typing showed genetic similarity and differences among the E. coli isolates from different water sources. Conclusion: Genetic similarity among isolates of E. coli indicates a common ancestral origin or a common source. Bacterial contamination of water samples with pathogens like, Salmonella spp. and Vibrio spp. as well as the faecal coliform is a concern, as water quality is an index of health and well - being of the society. Degree of contamination observed in this study suggests a need to be vigilant to monitor water quality, in order to prevent enteric diseases.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Antibiogram; bacterial contamination; RAPD technique; water sample; faecal coliform; water quality.
Subjects: Medicine > KMC Mangalore > Microbiology
Depositing User: KMCMLR User
Date Deposited: 16 Feb 2013 06:18
Last Modified: 16 Feb 2013 06:18
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/78426

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