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Effect of plumbagin on the radiation induced cytogenetic and cell cycle changes in mouse Ehrlich ascites carcinoma in vivo

Devi, Uma P and Rao, Satish BS and Solomon, FE (1998) Effect of plumbagin on the radiation induced cytogenetic and cell cycle changes in mouse Ehrlich ascites carcinoma in vivo. Indian journal of Experimental Biology, 36 (9). pp. 891-895.

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Abstract

The effect of plumbagin, a naphthoquinone from the roots of the Indian medicinal plant Plumbago rosea, and Cobalt-60 gamma radiation was studied on Ehrlich ascites carcinoma in vivo, taking cytogenetic damage and cell cycle changes as experimental endpoints. Plumbagin (5 mg/kg body wt, P1) administered intraperitoneally produced a significant increase in the percentage of S-phase as well as G2-M cells with a corresponding decrease in the G1 phase at different post-treatment times. Radiation (7.5 Gy, RT) alone produced the classical G2 block at 1 hr, which persisted with a continuous increase throughout the post-treatment observation period. The combination treatment produced a similar effect as that of RT on G2-M cells, but its effect on the G1 phase was more pronounced than the latter. While P1 treatment produced a small increase in the percentage of labeled S-phase cells, combination treatment significantly reduced the labeled S-phase cells with a corresponding increase in the unlabeled fraction. Drug or radiation alone significantly increased micronuclei induction at various post-treatment times and the combination of the two further enhanced this effect additively. The mechanism of interaction of P1 with radiation in bringing about this effect is not clear.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Life Sciences > MLSC Manipal
Depositing User: KMC Manipal
Date Deposited: 26 Feb 2013 07:45
Last Modified: 26 Feb 2013 07:45
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/78730

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