Assessment of risk factors of non-communicable diseases among high school students in Mangalore, India

Jain , A and *, Dhanawat J and Kotian, MS and *, Angeline R (2012) Assessment of risk factors of non-communicable diseases among high school students in Mangalore, India. International Journalof Health and Allied Sciences, 1 (4). pp. 249-254.

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Abstract

Context: Non-communicable diseases are everincreasing and will soon outnumber the prevalenceof communicable diseases. This study aims to detectprevalence of risk factors of non-communicablediseases in high school students andits comparison amongstudents of private and government schools, Mangalore. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional questionnairebased study was conducted amongst consentinghigh-school students. The data collected includedsocio-demographic factors, dietary habits, smoking,alcohol consumption, physical activity, height and weight.Data was tabulated and analyzed using Microsoft exceland SPSS version 11.5 software. Chi square test wasused to determine the association of various factors withrisk factors, P 0.05 was considered significant. Theresults were presented as tables. Result: 413 students were surveyed from private and government schools. Age range was 13-15 years. One-tenth of the students hadadequate dietary habits. Though most students werephysically active, the type and duration of activity was inadequate. Two students were obese, both females.There were statistically significant differences amongvarious socioeconomic classes, type of school and the presence of certain risk factors. Alcohol intake amongstudents of upper class was significant. Conclusion: The prevalence of risk factors for NCD islow among high-school students of Mangalore. Studentsshould be educated about having adequate amount of fruitsand vegetables and advised to reduce the consumption offast food. Vigorous activity should be encouraged amongstthe students to prevent them from getting obese.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Adolescents, high school students, India,non-communicable diseases, risk factors
Subjects: Medicine > KMC Mangalore > Community Medicine
Depositing User: KMCMLR User
Date Deposited: 01 Mar 2013 05:11
Last Modified: 01 Mar 2013 05:11
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/78802

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