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Use of objective structured clinical examination and structured clinical instruction module for interprofessional education on cancer: A focused review

*, Senthil P Kumar and *, Krishna Prasad (2012) Use of objective structured clinical examination and structured clinical instruction module for interprofessional education on cancer: A focused review. International Journal of Health and Allied Sciences , 1 (3). pp. 135-141.

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Abstract

American association for cancer education had emphasized the role of structured educational programs for medical students and residents in primary care specialties in order to improve palliative oncology education. Dissatisfaction with the conventional methods of clinical assessment on the part of teachers and students led assessors to search for appropriate alternatives and in 1975, Harden and his colleagues introduced the objective structured clinical examination (OSCE). OSCE was introduced as a standardized tool for objectively assessing clinical competencies−including history-taking, physical examination, communication skills, data interpretation, etc. It consists of a circuit of stations connected in series, with each station devoted to the assessment of a particular competency using pre-determined guidelines or checklists. The Structured Clinical Instruction Module (SCIM) modifies the OSCE for teaching purposes. The objective of this review is to provide a focused update on the status and applicability of SCIM and OSCE in cancer for educational use in palliative care. From the 12 studies which were on OSCE and 6 studies which were on SCIM, it appears that the two competency-based evaluation methodologies used in cancer education namely the OSCE and the SCIM are well validated and reliably used across settings and samples of students, practitioners, and patients. Future studies in Indian palliative care settings are warranted prior to extrapolation of existing evidence.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cancer education, clinical skills, objective evaluation, structured instruction, teachinglearning
Subjects: Allied Health > Mangalore Campus > Physiotherapy
Depositing User: KMCMLR User
Date Deposited: 09 Mar 2013 06:56
Last Modified: 09 Mar 2013 06:56
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/78922

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