Anthropometric Analysis of Palpebral Fissure Dimensions and its Position in South Indian Ethnic Adults

Vasanthakumar, P and Kumar, Pramod and Rao, Mohandas KG (2013) Anthropometric Analysis of Palpebral Fissure Dimensions and its Position in South Indian Ethnic Adults. Oman Medical Journal, 28 (1). pp. 26-32.

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Objectives: The morphology and anatomical relationship of periorbital features vary according to age, sex and ethnicity. Standard database regarding periorbital region is available for other ethnic groups. Since there is no data available in the literature, specifically for south Indian ethnic adults, the present study was carried out to determine the normal average values for South Indian ethnic population related to gender. Methods: Anthropometric measurements of both eyes were done on standardized frontal view photograph of 200 South Indian ethnic adults aged 18 to 26 years. Parameters included were palpebral fissure width (PFW), palpebral fissure height (PFH), palpebral fissure inclination (PFI), outercanthal distance (OCD), interpupillary distance (IPD), intercanthal distance (ICD) and comparisons were made between the genders using the independent t test. Results: Significant sexual dimorphism was noted in the given parameters. Palpebral fissure width (male: 31.08 mm; female: 29.90 mm), palpebral fissure inclination (male: 5.053°; female: 6.102°), outercanthal distance (male: 95.55 mm; female: 92.44 mm) and interpupillary distance (male: 66.72 mm; female: 62.59 mm). The palpebral fissure height (male: 11.30 mm; female: 11.58 mm) and intercanthal distance (male: 34.27 mm; female: 33.41 mm) showed no significant sexual differences. Conclusion: Statistically significant differences were found between South Indian ethnic males and female in certain key parameters. The present study suggests that ethnicity and gender should be considered in orbital surgery. To individualize the treatment planning and diagnosis, it is important for the surgeons to have knowledge of these local norms.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Aesthetics; Anthropometry; Database; Orbital; Palpebral fissure.
Subjects: Medicine > MMMC Manipal > Anatomy
Medicine > KMC Manipal > Plastic Surgery
Depositing User: KMC Manipal
Date Deposited: 11 Mar 2013 07:21
Last Modified: 24 Dec 2013 07:03

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