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Normative Data for Trunk and Lower Extremity Muscle Strength by Hand Held Dynamometer for Indian Children Aged 5-14 Years: A Cross Sectional Study

*, Jaya Shanker Tedla and Shenoy, U. V. and *, Jeganathan PS and Reddy, Ravi Shankar Y and *, Gopalakrishna A (2012) Normative Data for Trunk and Lower Extremity Muscle Strength by Hand Held Dynamometer for Indian Children Aged 5-14 Years: A Cross Sectional Study. International Journal of Health Sciences & Research, 2 (6). pp. 1-19.

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Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of the study was to establish isometric muscle strength reference values for healthy 5 to 14 year old children for 2 trunk and 8 lower extremity muscles and to determine the effect of age, weight and height upon muscle strength. Method: Baseline hand held dynamometer was used to obtain muscle strength values for 400 (200 boys and 200 girls) children. Results: Age-referenced muscle strength values are provided for each muscle group. Muscle strength was constant till 8 years after that it increased up to 14 years with fluctuations between 11 to 13 years. Boys are found to be stronger than girls no significant differences were noted between both sides. Regression analysis shows age and weight have good effect on muscle strength than height. Conclusion: This study provides hand held dynamometer strength reference values. These values can be employed in a clinical setting to document whether any child is impaired relative to healthy subjects of same gender and age.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Child, Muscle strength, Hand held dynamometer, Normative data, Reference values, Factors affecting muscle strength.
Subjects: Allied Health > Mangalore Campus > Physiotherapy
Medicine > KMC Mangalore > Paediatrics
Medicine > KMC Mangalore > Physiology
Depositing User: KMCMLR User
Date Deposited: 13 Mar 2013 11:12
Last Modified: 13 Mar 2013 11:12
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/79022

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