Myelomatous pleural effusion: A case report

Nayak, Deepak M and Suvarna, Niveditha and Belurkar, Sushma V and Srilatha, PS and Khanna, Ruchee (2013) Myelomatous pleural effusion: A case report. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, 3 (2). pp. 1-2. ISSN 2250-3153

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Multiple myeloma is a common hematological malignancy. Serous effusions are described uncommonly in myelomas. A myelomatous effusion however, is extremely rare and carries a poor prognosis. We report a case of multiple myeloma with leukemic transformation and simultaneous pleural fluid involvement in a 66-year old patient who was receiving chemotherapy. The patient developed exceptional dyspnea, dry cough and fatigue prior to admission. Radiological investigations revealed a massive pleural effusion with partial collapse of the lung. Pathological examination of the fluid showed plasma cells and plasmablasts with abnormal forms, consistent with a myelomatous pleural effusion. Hematopoietic neoplasms are associated with body cavity effusions but rare etiologies such as myeloma should also be considered as the treatment protocols differ in these cases.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Myelomatous pleural effusion, Plasmablast
Subjects: Medicine > MMMC Manipal > Pathology
Medicine > KMC Manipal > Pathology
Depositing User: KMC Manipal
Date Deposited: 26 Mar 2013 11:27
Last Modified: 26 Mar 2013 11:27

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