Methanol extract of dried exudate of Commiphora mukul prevents bone resorption in ovariectomized rats

Khan, Saleemulla and Dwivedi, Chandresh and Parmar, Vinit and Srinivasan, KK and Shirwaikar, Annie (2012) Methanol extract of dried exudate of Commiphora mukul prevents bone resorption in ovariectomized rats. Pharmaceutical Biology, 50 (10). pp. 1330-1336.

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Abstract

Context: Gum guggul, a resinous exudate of the plant Commiphora mukul Engl. (Burseraceae), has been found efficacious in the treatment of bone fractures, arthritis, and hyperlipidemic disorders.Objective: The present study is an effort to explore the anti-bone-resorptive potential of the dried methanol extract of the gummy exudate of C. mukul (MECM) in ovariectomized rat model.Materials and methods: The animals were randomly divided into five groups of equal size (n = 6). Animals in all the groups were ovariectomized except group 1, which was sham operated. Groups 3, 4 and 5 were treated with Raloxifene, MECM 250 mg/kg and MECM 500 mg/kg, respectively. The 2nd group was fed with vehicle. Assessment: biochemical estimations, viz., alkaline phosphatase (ALP), tartarate resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP), serum calcium (Ca); biomechanical evaluations, and histopathological examinations.Results: The LD50 of MECM was found to be > 2500 mg/kg orally. A significant elevation was observed in the ALP, TRAP, Ca and cholesterol levels in the 2nd group with a significant reduction in biomechnical strength. Groups 3, 4 and 5, showed a significant reduction in TRAP and ALP levels (p < 0.001). The Ca levels were normalized in the groups 4 and 5, while cholesterol levels dropped in group 5. The bone strength, however, was normalized in all the groups (p < 0.001) along with the histopathology.Discussion and conclusion: Findings suggested a significant gain in bone strength and nearly complete restoration of bone microarchitecture along with lowered levels of TRAP indicating the anti-bone resorptive potential of the extract.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Osteoporosis; Bone fragility; Bone mineral density; biomechanical strength
Subjects: Pharmacy > MCOPS Manipal > Pharmacognosy
Depositing User: KMC Manipal
Date Deposited: 04 Apr 2013 09:59
Last Modified: 04 Apr 2013 09:59
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/79478

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