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Retrospective Study on Risk Habits among Oral Cancer Patients in Karnataka Cancer Therapy and Research Institute,Hubli, India

*, Aruna DS and *, Prasad KVV and Shavi, Girish R and Ariga, Jitendra and *, Rajesh G and *, Madhusudan Krishna (2011) Retrospective Study on Risk Habits among Oral Cancer Patients in Karnataka Cancer Therapy and Research Institute,Hubli, India. Asia Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention, 12. pp. 1561-1566.

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Abstract

Background: Retrospective studies on oral cancer patient profiles related to risk habits could provide etiologic clues for prevention in specific geographic areas. Objective: To study risk habit characteristics of oral cancer patients. Methods: A cross sectional retrospective case record study of oral cancer patients who reported during 1991-2000 to Karnataka Cancer Therapy and Research Institute, Hubli, India was conducted. Data on socio-demography, histopathology, site of cancer and risk habit profiles of the patients were recorded in a predesigned Performa by one calibrated examiner with internal validity checks. Results: The 1,472 oral cancer patients constituted 11% of total cancer patients. Mean age of the patients was 55 years, ranging from 12-88, with a male: female ratio of 2:1. 1,110 (75%) oral cancer patients had risk habits, 55% were habituated for >10years and 25% were habit free. 751(51%) patients had individual and 359(24%) had combined risk habits. Majority 59% were chewers of betel quid alone (17%) / betel quid with tobacco (42%); smokers were (31%) and alcohol users were (14%) of patients. Chewers of gutkha, khaini were more in <40 years and betel quid in >40 years. Risk habituates were highest (87%) in patients with cancer of buccal mucosa, commonly affected site attributed to chewing habit in (51%) of patients. Conclusions: The prevalence of oral cancer was higher among elderly males predominantly with risk habits of betel quid/tobacco chewing and smoking for more than 10 years.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Oral cancer - risk habits - Karnataka, India - tobacco - betel quid - retrospective study
Subjects: Dentistry > MCODS Mangalore > Public Health Dentistry
Depositing User: KMCMLR User
Date Deposited: 11 Apr 2013 10:19
Last Modified: 11 Apr 2013 10:19
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/79591

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