Knowledge, attitude and practice of nurses regarding HIV/AIDS in a tertiary care hospital

Magazine, Rahul and Chogtu, Bharti and Muthukumaran, L and Srivastava, Nimisha and Reddy, Saisree AJ (2012) Knowledge, attitude and practice of nurses regarding HIV/AIDS in a tertiary care hospital. Pulmon, 14 (1). pp. 13-20.

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Abstract

Background: Knowledge, attitude and practices (KAP) of nurses can have a profound impact on the quality of healthcare received by HIV/AIDS patients. Information on these factors are essential for future planning of in-house training programs and also for improving patient care. Objectives: To study the knowledge, attitude and practice of nurses regarding HIV/AIDS in a teaching hospital. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted over a period of one month. Out of 225 nurses who were approached 202 agreed to take part in the study and were included in the analysis. Results: 180 (89.1%) subjects displayed satisfactory level of awareness. This level of awareness was found in 156 (91.2%) female nurses and 24 (77.4%) male nurses (p value =0.023). 99 (49%) respondents were worried about getting HIV from patients. Questions assessing knowledge related to universal precautions, isolation of HIV patients and recapping of used needles elicited wrong responses from 71 (35.1%), 58 (28.7%) and 51 (25.2%) of the respondents respectively. 18 (58.1%) males and 133 (77.8%) females (p value 0.020), 102 (70.8%) respondents with no experience and 49 (84.5%) with experience in TB ward (p value 0.043) and 136 (72.7%) without ICU experience and 15 (100%) with ICU experience (p value 0.019) gave correct responses to question on recapping of used needles. Conclusions: There was a high level of awareness regarding HIV/AIDS in the study population, but significant gender difference was noted. Half of the respondents were worried about contracting HIV infection from patients. One fourth of the study population believed that recapping of used needles is safe. Males and those with no work experience in intensive care units or TB ward were more likely to display such behaviour.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Knowledge;Attitude, Practice, Nurses, HIV, AIDS, KAP
Subjects: Medicine > KMC Manipal > Pharmacology
Medicine > KMC Manipal > Pulmonary Medicine
Depositing User: KMC Manipal
Date Deposited: 09 Apr 2013 11:50
Last Modified: 09 Apr 2013 11:50
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/79612

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