Comparative Evaluation of Gingival Depigmentation by Diode Laser and Cryosurgery Using Tetrafluoroethane: 18-Month Follow-Up

Singh, Vishal and Bhat, Subraya G and Kumar, Santhosh and Bhat, Mahalinga K (2012) Comparative Evaluation of Gingival Depigmentation by Diode Laser and Cryosurgery Using Tetrafluoroethane: 18-Month Follow-Up. Clinical Advances in Periodontics, 2 (3). pp. 129-134.

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Abstract

Introduction: Pigmentation of the gingiva is a negative factor in an otherwise acceptable “smile window.” Recently, cryosurgery and laser techniques have gained popularity for depigmentation and seem to be the most reliable and satisfactory procedures. To our knowledge, this case series is unique and is the first reporting comparison of cryosurgery and lasers in the literature. Case Series: The study included 20 patients who presented with a chief complaint of “black gums” and requested cosmetic therapy. They were randomly divided into group A and group B of 10 patients each. Patients in group A were treated using a diode laser. The laser beam was set at 0.70 W power, 200 J energy, in continuous mode. Patients in group B were treated using tetrafluoroethane cryosurgery. Patients were followed for 3, 6, 12, and 18 months. Gingival depigmentation was assessed using a new index system, gingival pigmentation index, on the day of first depigmentation and at the end of 18 months. Patient satisfaction was evaluated by using a simple questionnaire. Both procedures were equally effective in depigmentation. At the 18-month follow-up, spotted repigmentation was found in one case in each group. Although there was initial healing discomfort and mild pain with cryosurgery, all the patients were satisfied with the esthetic outcomes. Conclusion: During the 18-month follow-up, the depigmentation achieved using both the techniques was found equivalent and satisfactory

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cryosurgery; Esthetics; Gingiva; Hyperpigmentation; Lasers
Subjects: Dentistry > MCODS Manipal > Periodontology
Depositing User: KMC Manipal
Date Deposited: 13 Apr 2013 06:25
Last Modified: 03 Nov 2016 09:44
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/79692

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