Periodontal Disease and Pregnancy Hypertension – A Clinical Correlation

Swati, Pralhad and Thomas, Betsy and Kushtagi, Pralhad (2012) Periodontal Disease and Pregnancy Hypertension – A Clinical Correlation. Journal of Periodontology.

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Abstract

Background: Periodontal disease is thought to be associated with increased risk of systemic diseases and adverse pregnancy outcomes including pregnancy hypertension. The aim of the present study was to find the prevalence of periodontal disease (PD) in women with pregnancy hypertension (PH) in a rural based medical institute. Materials and methods: The present case control study was carried out in 200 women, 100 with PH and 100 women without PH. Antenatal periodontal screening was carried out within 72 hours of their hospital admission for delivery. The periodontal parameters assessed were oral hygiene index- simplified, gingival index, mean probing pocket depth and loss of attachment. Results: Prevalence of PD was 65.5% and was significantly higher (p<0.0001) in women with hypertension (RR 1.5, 95% CI 1.3-1.9). Socioeconomic status, education, occupation and body mass index did not appear to influence the relationship between PD and PH on bivariate multiple logistic regression analysis. Nulliparous women were at higher odds to develop PD and PH (OR1.7, 95% CI 0.5-6.1). As the severity of PD increased from moderate to severe, the severity of hypertension also increased (r2=0.8 and 0.5 for moderate and severe PD, respectively). Conclusion: Periodontal disease is more prevalent in pregnant women with hypertension

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: periodontal diseases, prevalence, pregnancy, hypertension
Subjects: Dentistry > MCODS Manipal > Periodontology
Medicine > KMC Manipal > Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Depositing User: KMC Manipal
Date Deposited: 27 Apr 2013 09:18
Last Modified: 27 Apr 2013 09:18
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/79896

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