Intestinal protozoal infestation profile in Persistent diarrhea in children below age 5 Years in western nepal

Mukhopadhyay, C and Wilson, G and Pradhan, D and Shivananda, PG (2007) Intestinal protozoal infestation profile in Persistent diarrhea in children below age 5 Years in western nepal. Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health, 38 (1). pp. 1-7.

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Abstract

Unlike acute diarrhea, the role of pathogens in persistent diarrhea in children in Nepal is unclear. Protozoal parasites are suspected to be a major cause. The study was carried out to find the association between protozoal agents and persistent diarrhea in children below age 5 years from western Nepal. Stool samples were collected from 253 children with persistent diarrhea, from 155 children with acute diarrhea (disease controls) and from 100 healthy children from the community (nor al controls). Of 253 children with persisteat diarrhea, 90 (35.5%) had protozoal infections, 63 (24.9%) helminthic infections, 32 (12.6%) had bacterial infections and 16 had mixed infections. G. lamblia was the most prevalent (67.7%), followed by E. histolytica (27.7%). HIV infection and severe malnutrition were associated with C. cayetanensis and Cryptosporidium spp. causing persistent diarrhea. We conclude that stool microscopy should be routinely performed in children with persistent diarrhea since protozoal infections can be cured with effective treatment and control can be achieved by proper health education

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Medicine > KMC Manipal > Microbiology
Depositing User: KMC Manipal
Date Deposited: 25 Jul 2011 05:23
Last Modified: 25 Jul 2011 05:23
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/922

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