Neonatal anemia: a review

Gonsalves, Seema and Avabratha, Shreedhara K and *, Bhagyalakshmi K (2012) Neonatal anemia: a review. Muller Journal of Medical Sciences and Research, 3 (2). pp. 43-47.

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Neonatal anemia is a common problem among our neonates specially the preterms. Anemia is defined as Hb or hematocrit >2 SD below the mean for age. Physiological anemia is common and manifests around 6-12 weeks of age. Anemia of prematurity which is an exaggerated physiological anemia can sometimes lead to increased morbidity and mortality among neonates. The important causes of anemia are blood loss, decreased erythrocyte production and increased RBC destruction. A stepwise approach is the key to diagnosis. There are various modalities of treatment available like packed RBC transfusion, iron therapy and erythropoietin. It can be prevented by delayed cord clamping, decreasing iatrogenic blood loss and nutritional supplementation

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Neonate, Anemia, Physiological, Prematurity, Stepwise approach
Subjects: Medicine > KMC Mangalore > Physiology
Depositing User: KMCMLR User
Date Deposited: 10 May 2013 06:43
Last Modified: 10 May 2013 06:43

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