Human sirtuin 3 (SIRT3) deacetylates histone H3 lysine 56 to promote nonhomologous end joining repair

Sengupta, Amrita (2018) Human sirtuin 3 (SIRT3) deacetylates histone H3 lysine 56 to promote nonhomologous end joining repair. DNA Repair, 61. pp. 1-16. ISSN 1568-7864

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Human sirtuin 3 (SIRT3) is a conserved NAD+ dependent deacetylase, which functions in important cellular processes including transcription, metabolism, oxidative stress response. It is a robust mitochondrial deacetylase; however, few studies have indicated its nuclear functions. Here we report interaction of SIRT3 with core histones and identified acetylated histone H3 lysine 56 (H3K56ac) as its novel substrate, in addition to known substrates acetylated H4K16 and H3K9. Further, we showed in response to DNA damage SIRT3 localizes to the repair foci colocalizing with γH2AX and nonhomologous end joining (NHEJ) marker p53-binding protein 1 (53BP1). However, it does not colocalize with homologous repair (HR) marker BRCA1. By ChIP break assay, we demonstrated the recruitment of SIRT3 at the double strand-break site in response to DNA damage. Additionally, the relocalization of SIRT3 to the nucleus on MMS treatment led to concurrent decrease in H3K56ac, which is an important step in NHEJ. Depletion of SIRT3 by si-RNA mediated knock down affected recruitment of 53BP1, resulting in compromised NHEJ efficiency, and survival defect as seen by colony formation assay. Altogether, our results demonstrated that SIRT3 recruits 53BP1 to the site of damage thereby plays a significant role in NHEJ pathway.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: DNA repair ; HDACs ; 53BP1 ; BRCA1 ; Nuclear sirtuin ; γH2AX.
Subjects: Research > Research Center - Health Sciences
Depositing User: KMC Library
Date Deposited: 17 Apr 2019 10:32
Last Modified: 17 Apr 2019 10:32

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